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Indian Tribes of Hudson's River

Vol I to 1700 -- Vol II 1700-1850 by E.M. Ruttenber


Vol I (to page 182) and II I lost some of the second volume - Sorry! Abenaquis, a Mahican nation, 00; murder Mohawk chiefs, 000; English agree not to assist, 009; Abraham, or Schabash, a Mahican chief, made captain by Mahicans 89; assistant at Gnadenhutten, 89 Abrahamsen, Issac, rescues an Indian boy, 000 Ackhough, sachem of Weckquaesgeeks, 09 Adair, James, theory of, concerning origin of American Indians, 00 Adogbegnewalquo, a Mohawk chief, address of, 000 Aepjin, chief sachem of Mahicans, 08; party to treaty of 0000, 008; totemic signature of, 009; council fire at Schodac, 08; authorized to treat for Esopus Indians, 000 Agassiz, theory of, 00 Analysis of tribes and chieftaincies, 00 Andastes, war with the Iroquois, 00 Andros, Governor, offers lands to fugitive Indians, 000; invites Pennacooks to settle at Schaticook, 00 Andriaensen, Maryn, in command at massacre at Corlear's Hook, 000 Ann Hoock, alias Wampage, a chief of Siwanoys, 80 Ann Hutchinson, murder of, 000; daughter of, returned from captivity, 008 Albany, Fort Nassau erected at, 99; Fort Orange erected at, 99; Dutch make treaty with Mahicans and Iroquois at, 00; surrendered to the English, 008; English establish council fire at, 000 Algonquin language, 00 Algonquin nations, 00, 00 Allegewi, tradition concerning, 00 Alliances, how formed, 00 Alliance, nature of, between the Dutch and the Iroquois, 000; of Dutch with Long Island chieftaincies, 000; of English with Iroquois and Mahicans, 008 Appamanskoch, sachem of Raritans, 90 Aquackanonks, location of, 90 Armies, how composed, 00 Ashhurst, Sir John, buys lands of Waoranecks, 90 Assiapam, sachem of Matinecocks, 00 Assinapink creek, 90 Atkarkarton, Kingston so called, 000 Attention in sickness, 00 Beeren, or Mahican island, 80 Biographical Sketch of, Chambers, Captain Thomas, 008; Kryn, war-captain of Caghnawagas, 080 Bloom, Domine, description of Esopus massacre, 000 Bouwensen, Thomas, roasted and eaten by Mohawks, 000 Caghnawaga, Mohawk village of, 00, 90; attacked by Mahicans, 90; destroyed by French, 90; Dutch embassadors visit, 000; converted by Jesuits, 009 Nation, or Praying Indians, 009 Calmet, theory of, 00 Canada, settlement of, commenced, 00 Canassatiego, an Iroquois viceroy, speech of, 09 Canopus, sachem of Nochpeems, 80 Captains, war chiefs so called,00 Captahem, sachem of Aquackanonks, 90 Carnarsees, location of, 00 Cartwright, Col.George, makes treaty with Iroquois, 008 Castles, mode of constructing, 00 Catholic Priests, labors of, 000, 008; law in relation to, 000 Cayugas, one of the Iroquois nations, 00; village of, 98 Chambers, Thomas, Capt. settles at Esopus, 000; biographical sketch of, 000 Champlain, discovers Lake Champlain, 00; aids the Hurons, 00; encourages conversion of Indians, 000 Chastity of females, 00 Chesekock tract, 80 Chegonoe, sachem of Rockaways, 00 Chekatabut, a Massachusetts Mahican chief, 00 Child birth, 00 Claverack, village of, 00; creek, name of, 00 Clinton, DeWitt, theory of, 00 Coginiquant, sachem of Nesaquakes, 00 Colden, Lieut.Gov., 00 Coleman, John, killed by the Indians, 9 Communipau, aboriginal name of, 90 Conarhanded, sachem of Weckquaesgeeks, 09 Conflict with Indians, at Stony Point, 00; at Shorackappock 00, 00 Corchaugs, location of, 00 Corlear's Hook, massacre of Indians at, 000, 008 Couwenhoven, negotiates with Esopus Indians, 000, 000 Cralo, Fort, at Greenbush, 009 Croton, traditionary sachem of Kitchawongs, 09 Croton, river, aboriginal name of, 09 Dans-Kammer, devil worship at, 09, 90; boundry line at the, 90; Couwenhoven at the, 000 Declarations of war, 00 Deeds, explanation of signatures to, 90 DeHart, Balthazar, purchases lands, 90 Denotas, or bags for measuring corn, 00 DeVries, David Pietersen, plantation of, on Staten Island, destroyed, 000; locates among the Tappans, 90; endeavors to prevent massacre of fugitive Indians, 000; plantation of, spared by Indians, 009; negotiates treaty of peace, 009; plantation destroyed, 000 Dobb's Ferry, aboriginal name of, 08 Dongan, Gov., purchases lands on the Hudson, 90, 90; endeavors to defeat the operations of the French, 009; gives medals to the Iroquois, 009; appeals to James II, to maintain alliance with Iroquois, 009; asks for Catholic priests, 009 Dress, of an Indian belle, 00; Hudson's description of, 8; Verazzano's description of, 09 Dwellings and mode of construction, 00 Du Bois, Mrs. Louis, captured by the Esopus Indians, 000; tradition concerning, 000 Dutch, neutrality of, in Indian wars, 00; treaty of, with Mahicans, etc. 00; send ambassadors to the Mohawks, 000; responsible for the Manhattan wars, 009; responsible for the Esopus wars, 000; surrender province to the English, 008 Eelkins, Jacob, imprisons chief of the Sequins, 000 English capture of Fort Amsterdam, 008; treaty with the Iroquois, 00, 008; treaty with Mahicans, 008, 000; laws regulating intercourse with the Indians, 000; treaty of Esopus, 000 Eskmoppas, sachem of Rockaways, 00 Esopus, derivation of term, 90; first settlement at, 000; settlers at, abandon lands, 000, 000; first war at, 000; Stuyvesant solicited to protect, 000; buildings destroyed at, 000; new village established at, 008; second war of, 000, 000; torture of prisoners at, 000; village held in siege, 000; peace established at, 000; renewal of hostilities at, 000; new village, destroyed, 000; description of massacre at, 000; peace re-established at, 000; inscription on rocks at, 000 Esopus Indians, chieftaincies of, 90, 90; make peace with the Senecas, 08; first war with the Dutch, 000; sachems solicit peace, 008; Stuyvesant holds conference with, 009; Indians massacred at, 000; renew hostilities, 000; treaty of peace with (0000), 000; Stuyvesant sends chiefs into slavery, 008; demand renewal of treaty, 000; second war with, 000; treaty of peace with (0000), 000; treaty of, with the English, 000; friendly, remove to Ticonderoga, 90 Evert Pels, a Dutch prisoner, escapes torture by aboption, 000 Festivals, 00, 000 Five Nations, see Iroquois Fletcher, Gov., 000; hastens to the relief of the Mohawks, 000 Food and mode of preparation, 00 Fort Amsterdam held in siege by the Indians, 000, 000; surrendered to the English, 008; Nassau, construction of, 99; Orange, construction of, 99 French, employ Catholic missionaries, 008; secure treaty of neutrality, with Duke of York, 009; make prisoners of Iroquois chiefs by treachery, 000; at war with the Senecas, 000; yield to the demands of the Iroquois, 000; Indian war of 0089, 000 Frontenac, Count de, governor of Canada, 000; plans expedition against the English, 000; invades the Mohawk country and destroys their castles, 000; invades the Onondaga country, 000 Gallatin, Hon. Albert, statement of, concerning subjugation of Mahicans, 00 Gardiner, Lion and David, 00 Gil, sachem of Seatalcats, 00 Geographical nomenclature, Kaunaumeek, Massachusetts, 80; Mahicanituk, Hudson's river, 00; Shecomeco, Dutchess county, 80; Schodak, Columbia county, 08; Sunckhagag, Albany county, 80; Seepus, Esopus river, 90; Tawalsontha, Norman's kil, 99; Wawijchtanok, Columbia county, 80, 80; Wnahktakook, Westenhuck, 00, 80; Weckquaesgeek, Westchester county, 08; Wysquaqua, Wicker's creek, 08; Willehoosa, Port Jervis, Orange county, 90 Goethals, sachem of Wappingers, 80; solicits peace on behalf of Esopus Indians, 000 Goharius, sachem of Weckquaesgeeks, 09 Gouwarrowe, sachem of Matinecocks, 00; security for Hackinsacks and Tappans, 000 Government and laws, 09 Greenbush, Mohicans ravage, 00 Haaskouaun, an Iroquois chief, 000 Hackinsacks, location of, 90; Van der Horst settles among, 000; a warrior of, robbed, 000; complaint of, regarding presents, 000; young men clamor for war, 000; take part in war of 0000, 000; propose an exchange of prisoners, 000; negotiate on behalf of Esopus Indians, 009 Haverstraw, location of, 90 Hiawatha, the story of, 00 Horikans, location of, 80 Housatonic river, neutral boundry line, 00 Hudson, Henry, 0; conflict of, with Indians at Stony Point, 00; conflict of, with Indians at Shorackappock, 00, 00; discovers the Mahicanituk, 0; intoxicates Indians at Castleton, 00; traditions respecting his visit, 00; visits Indians at the Narrows, 8; visits Indians at Castleton, 9 Hutchinson, Ann, killed by Weckquaesgeeks, 000; Daughter of, returned from captivity, 008 Indian Villages and locations, 00, 000; Albany county, 80, 80, 90; Columbia county, 80, 88; Dutchess county, 80; Greene county, 90; Long Island, 00; New Jersey, 89; Orange county, 90; Putnam county, 80; Rensselaer county, 80; Rockland county, 90; Staten Island, 90; Saratoga county, 09; Ulster County, 90; Westchester county, 00 Iroquois confederacy, 00; territory of, 00; tradition respecting origin, 00; tribal divisions, 00, 90; totemic emblems, 09; tradition respecting organization of confederacy, 00; called the Five Nations, 00, 09; form of government, 09; organization of confederacy, 09; national council, 00; political supremacy, 00; wars with the Hurons, 00; defeated by Champlain, 00; territory invaded by the French, 00; make treaty with the Dutch, 00; treaties with the English, 00, 00, 008; French determine to destroy, 000; chiefs made prisoner by treachery, 000; Mahicans in alliance with, 000, 000; capture Montreal, 000; threaten Quebec, 000; losses sustained in the war of 0089, 009; French priests convert, 009 Jesuits, labors of the French, 000, 008 Johnson, Sir William, 00 Joselyn, John, 00 Juet, Hudson's mate, visits Indians at Castleton, 9 Kalebackers, Indians having guns, 000 Katskills, location of, 90; loving men of, 9, 90 Katsban, a village of the Katskills, 000 Katonah, sachem of Siwanoys, 80 Kayingehaga, Mohawks so called, 00 Kieft, director, attempts the collection of tribute, 000; urges war measures, 000; proclaims a public fast, 009; solicits aid from England, 000; solicits mediation of Mohawks and Mahicans, 000 King, Philip, winter quarters near Albany, 00 Kingston, first settlement at, 000; a village palisaded at, 008 Kinte-Kaying, an Indian dance, 08, 000 Kitchawongs, location of, 09 Kitchawong, sachem of Kitchawongs, 09 Kitzanacka, Indian priest, 00 Konapot, sachem of Mahicans, 89 Kregier, Martin, journal of second Esopus war, 00; commands expedition against Esopus Indians, 009 Krieckbeck, commandant at Fort Orange, joins war party of Mahicans, 000; killed by the Mohawks, 000 Kryn, chief of the Caghnawagas, 080 La Barre, governor of Canada, 009 Language, Algonquin, origin of name, 00 Lawrence, Dr.,00 Leisler, Jacob, takes possession of Fort James, 000; executed for treason, 000 Lenni Lenapes, territory of, 00; signification of name, 00; tradition respecting origin, 00; traditionary war with the Allegewi, 00; form of government, 00; tribal divisions, 00; totemic divisions and emblems, 09; subjugation of, by Iroquois, 00; wars with the Senecas, 08; made tributary to the Senecas, 09; Lenapewihituk, name of Delaware river, 00 Long Island, Block builds ship on, 00; Dutch settlers on, 000; settlements ravaged, 000; territory of, divided between Dutch and English, 000; treaty with Indians of, 000 Long Reach, Indians of, 000 Losses sustained by the Dutch in war of 0000, 008 Mahican confederacy, nine nations composing, 00, 80; original seat of, 00; subdue tribes on the sea-coast, 00 Mahicans, a nation of the Mahican confederacy, 00, 80; welcome Hudson at Castleton, 9; territory of, 00, 80; sub-tribal divisions, 80; national council fire, 00, 00, 88; villages and castles of, 80, 80; tradition respecting origin, 00; form of government, 00; relation of, to the Mohegans 00; totemic divisions and emblems, 00; and Wappingers constitute one nation, 00; make treaty of friendship with the Dutch, 00; alleged subjugation of, 00; wars with the Mohawks, 00; ravage the east side of the Hudson, 00; officially recognized by Massachusetts, 00; relations with the government of New York, 00; sell lands to Van Rensselaer, 80; sell lands to Robert Livingston, 80, 80; obtain fire-arms from the Dutch, 00; attack the Manhattans, 000; defeat the Mohawks, 00, 00; murder Dutch soldiers, 000; solicit peace on behalf of Esopus Indians, 000; included in peace of Esopus, 000; at war with the Mohawks, 009, 000; meet French Indians at Cohoes, 000; united in covenant with the Iroquois, 000; instigated to hostilities against the Dutch by the English, 000; assist the Mohawks, 000, 000 Mahak Niminaw, sachem of Katskills, 90 Mahican, Abraham, 88 Mahikanders, Mahicans, so called, 00 Mamekotings, location of, 90 Manhattans, the old, subjugated by Wappingers, 00; enemies of the Sanhickans, 00; language of, 00, 00; the Dutch settle among, 00; Adrien Block among the, 00; massacre of, by order of Kieft, 000 Manhattan, explaination of term, 00; wars, 99, 000 Manhassets, location of, 00 Manners and customs, 00; attention in sickness, 00; alliances, manner of forming, 00, chastity of females, 00; child-birth, 00; castles and mode of constructing, 00; dwellings and mode of constructing, 00; dress of an Indian belle, 00; disposition of prisoners, 00; declaration of war, 00; food and mode of preparation, 00; government and laws, 09; medicines, 00; occupation, 00; organization of armies, 00; plurality of wives, 00; punishment for murder, 00; religious belief and worship, 00; rank and titles, 00; title to lands, 00; wampum, 00; war, preparation for, 00; war address, 00; war song of Lenapes, 00; weapons of war, 00; Van der Donck's description of appearance, 00; Verazzano's description of appearance, 09 Maquas, Mohawks so called, 00; castle of the Praying, 90 Maringoman, sachem of Waoranecks, 90; castle of, 90 Marsapequas, location of the, 00; take part in war of 0000, 00; aid the Dutch in Esopus wars, 00, 009, 000 Maramaking, sachem of Siwanoys, 80 Matinecocks, location of the, 00 Mattano, sachem of Raritans, 90 Mayane, a Wappinger chief, 80, 000 Medicines, 00 Mechkentowoons, a Mahican chieftaincy, 00, 80, 90 Megriesken, sachem of Wappingers, 80 Merricks, location of the, 00 Mespath, village of, destroyed by Dutch, 000 Metzewakes, sachem of Kikhawongs, 09 Miantonomo, sachem of Narragansetts, 000 Minnisinks, a chieftaincy of Minsis, location and villages of, 90; one of, charged with murder at Esopus, 000; take part in war of 0089, 008; visited by Arent Schuyler, 080; invite Shawanoes to settle among, 080 Minsis, a tribal division of Lenapes, 00, 90; totem and chieftaincies of, 00, 90; at war with the Senecas, 08; odtain fire-arms from the Swedes, 09, 000; Senecas aided by Mohawks against, 08, 000; subjugated by Senecas, 08, 000; a portion settle among the Ottawas, 000; decimated by small pox, 080; Shawanoes settle among, 080 Mitchill, Dr. theory of, 00 Mohawks, a tribe of the Five Nations, 00; territory of, 90; villages and castles of, 90; totems of, 09; mode of declaring war, 00; conversion of, by Jesuits, 00; obtain fire-arms, 00, 000; at war with the Hurons, 00; first treaty with the Dutch, 00; wars with the Mahicans, 00, 00; drive the Soquatucks from their land, 09; weakened by the Mahicans, 00; solicit the gov. of Canada, for protection against the Mahicans, 09; attacked by the Mahicans at Caghnawaga, 00; defeated by the Mahicans at Kinaquariones, 00; obtain assistance from the Oneidas, Cayugas, and Senecas, 00; send embassadors to Fort Orange, 000; Dutch send embassadors to, 000; promise not to aid Esopus Indians, 000; send embassy to Esopus to negotiate peace, 000; regard Esopus war as having been caused by the Dutch, 000; included in peace of Esopus, 000; complain of bad treatment, 000; castles destroyed by French, 000 Mohegan, meaning of, 00 Mohegans, a Pequot clan, 00 Monemius, castle, 80 Montaucks, location of,00; chieftaincies of, 00; originally a part of Mahican confederation, 00; originally styled Manhattan, 00; at war with Narragansetts, 00; small-pox among, 00; accept protection of English, 00; divided between English and Dutch, 00 Montague, Rachel, taken prisoner, 000; pilots Dutch forces against Shawangunk, 000 Moody, Lady, house of, attacked, 000 Moravians, testimony of, 88 Morton, Thomas, theory of, 00 Mount Misery, tradionary battle at, 80 Muhhekaneew, original names of Mahicans, 00; orthography of, 00, 00 Murderer's kil, Indians of, 90 Murder, atonement for, 00 Murders committed by Indians, 000 Nanticokes, a portion of settled at Katskil, 90 National and tribal organizations, 00 Navisinks, location of the, 89; Hudson's intercourse with, 9, 89; kill John Coleman, 9, 89 Nawaas, location of the, 80 Nesaquakes, location of the, 00 Nicolls, Richard, takes possession of Fort Amsterdam, 008; proclaimed deputy governor, 008; makes treaty with Iroquois, 008; renews treaty with Esopus Indians, 000 Niessen, Ensign, sent to Esopus, 009 Nimham, chief sachem of Wappingers, 00, 80, 80 Nochpeems, location of, 80; treaty with, 000 Novisans at war with Iroquois, 08, 009 Nowedonah, sachem of Shinecocks, 00 Onackatin, sachem of Warranawonkongs, 90; party to treaty of 0000, 000; lands of, 000 Oneidas, a tribal division of Iroquois, 90 Onderis Hocque, a Minsi chief, address of, 000 Onondagas, a tribal division of Iroquois, 00; make treaty with the Dutch, 00; capital of the, 98; Spangenberg's account of confederacy of, 00; territory of, invaded by French, 000 Onondaga, capital of Iroquois confederacy, 98; Jesuit missionaries at, 000 Organization of armies, 00 Origin of the North American Indians, 00 Oritany, sachem of Hackinsacks, 90; treaty of, with the Dutch, 000; party to treaty of 0000, 008; solicits peace on behalf of Esopus Indians, 009 Ottawas, location of the, 000; a number of, die of small pox at Esopus, 000 Pacham, a chief of the Tankitekes, 80; advises massacre of the Dutch, 000; surrender of, a condition of peace, 000 Papequanaehen, an Esopus chief, killed, 000 Parnau, sachem of Rockaways, 00 Passachquon, sachem of Navisinks, 90 Patchoques, location of the, 00 Patthunck, sachem of Siwanoys, 80 Pauw, Michael, settlement of, 000, 000 Pavonia, Jersey city so called, 000; Manhattan fugitives at, 000; massacre at, 000, 008 Paxinos, a sachem of Minnisinks, 008 Peekskill, aboriginal name of, 09 Pemerawghin, chief sachem of Warranawonkongs, 90 Penhawitz, sachem of Carnarsees, 00; sends delegates to negotiate peace, 009; conference with, at Rechquaakie, 000 Pennacooks, location of, 80; dispersion of, 00; a portion of, settle at Schaticook, 00 Pequots, origin of the, 00; country of, 00; destruction of, 00; jurisdiction west of the Connecticut, 00 Petroleum, use of, as a cure for small-pox, 080 Pierron, a Jesuit missionary, labors of, 90 Plurality of wives, 00 Pocahontas, reference to, 000 Ponus, sachem of Toquams, 80, 80 Ponupahowhelbshelen, sachem of Weckquaesgeeks, 09 Pos, Captain, taken prisoner, 000; negotiates treaty of peace, 000 Potick, a Mahican village, 00; fugitives from King Philip's war at, 00 Poygratasuck, sachem of Manhassets, 00 Praying Indians, Jesuit converts so called, 009 Presents, use of, in negotiations, 09, 00 Preummaker, a chief of Warranawonkongs, 90; killed by the Dutch, 008; land of, 008 Prisoners, ransom of, 000 Punganis, lands of, 000 Punishment for murder, 00 Quaquasno, sachem of Shinecocks, 00 Quebec, the Iroquois at, 000 Rank and titles, 00 Raritans, a chieftancy of Lenapes, location of, 90; called Sanhikans or fire-workers, 90; remove to the Kittakeny mountains, 90; accused of plundering, 000; attacked by the Dutch, 000; destroy a family at Mespath, 000; remove to Oneida lake, 90; remove to Lake Michigan, 90 Rechtauck, Manhattan fugitives at, 000 Reckgawawancs, location of the, 00; attack Hudson's ship, 00, 00; included in treaty of 0000, 08 Red Hook, traditionary battle at, 00 Religious belief and worship, 00 Rockaways, location of the, 00 Rodolf, Sergeant, commands in massacre at Pavonia, 000 Ronduit, a small fort, erected at the mouth of the Walkill, 000, 000 Sachus, sachem of Kitchawongs, 09 Sackagkemeck, sachem of Haverstraws, 90 Sager's kil, Indian village on, destroyed, 008 Sanders, Robert, commandant at Schenectady, 000 Schabash, a chief of Shekomeko, 89 Schaticooks, elements composing the, 000; date of organization, 000; take part in war of 0089, 008; of Connecticut, 000 Schenectady, destroyed by the French, 000 Schodac, capital of the Mahicans, 88 Seatalcats, location of the, 00 Secatogues, location of the, 00 Senecas, a tribal division of Iroquois, 00; villages of, 98; at war with the Minsis, 08, 000; delegation visits Fort Orange, 000; included with Mohawks in peace of Esopus, 000; Stuyvesant urges them to make peace with the Minsis, 000; subjugate Minsis, 09; attack French trading canoes, 009; French expedition against, 000; Johnson makes treaty with, 000 Sequins, location and cantons of, 80; sell lands to West India Company, 80; sell lands to the English, 80; chief of, imprisoned of Eelkins, 00, 80; compelled to pay tribute to Pequots, 80 Sessekemick, sachem of Tappans, 90 Sewackenamo, sachem of Esopus, 90, 009; address of, 000 Shanasockwell, an independant nation of Siwanoys, 80 Shawangunk, castle at, 90, 009; expedition for reduction of, 000; new fort at, 000; expedition for reduction of, 000; third expedition to, 000 Shawanoes, removal of, from Maryland, 080; aided by Mahicans, 080; make peace with Iroquois, 080; settle among Minsis, 080 Shekomeko, a Mahican village, 80; missionaries at, 80 Sheyickbi country, 00 Shinecocks, location of the, 00 Sickenames, Pequots so called, 80 Sing Sing, aboriginal name of, 09 Sint-sinks, location of, 09; treaty with, 000 Sirham, sachem of Kitchawongs, 09 Siwanoys, location f the, 80 Sloughter, Col.,appointed governor, 000 Small-pox, ravages of, 080 Smith, Ensign, in command at Esopus, 000 Smit, Claes, killed by a Weckquaesgeek, 000 Soquatucks, location of, 09, 80; removal of, from west side of country, 09; treaty of peace with Mohawks, 000 Souwenaro, sachem of Weckquaesgeeks, 09 Staats, Abraham, house of, burned, 00 Stamford, Dutch expedition at, 000, 000; massacre of Indians near, 000 Staten Island, DeVries's plantation on,000 Stockbridges, Mahicans so called, 89 Stuyvesant, regards Manhattan wars as having been caused by Dutch, 000; holds conference with Esopus Indians, 000; demands Esopus lands as indemnity, 000; declares war against Esopus Indians, 000; makes treaty with Esopus Indians, 000, 000; holds conference with Senecas, 000; controversy with the English, 000 St.Regis Indians, organization of, 009 Susquehannas, subjugation of, 00 Swannekins, the Dutch, so called, 008 Tackapousha, sachem of Marsapequas, 00, 00; treaty of, with the Dutch, 000 Tackarew, sachem of Reckgawawancs, 08 Taghkospemo, sachem of Tappans, 90 Tankitekes, location of, 80; treaty with, 000 Tappans, location of the, 90 Tarrytown, aboriginal name of, 09 Teedyuscung, chief sachem of Lenapes, 09 Teller's Point, aboriginal name of, 09 Throgmorton, settlement of, destroyed, 000 Title to lands, 00 Tobaccus, sachem of Patchogues, 00 Totems and totemic classifications, 09 Traditions, Hiawatha, 00; Iroquois respecting origin, 00; Lenapes, respecting origin, 00; Lenapes, respecting subjugation, 00; Mahicans, respecting origin,00; Mahicans, respecting Hudson's visit, 00 Trade, mode of conducting, 000 Treaty with Iroquois, 0000, 00; with Mahicans, 0000, 00; with Weckquaesgeeks,etc.,0000, 000; with Mohawks and Mahicans, 0000, 000; with Weckquaesgeeks, etc.,0000, 008; with Esopus Indians, 0000, 000; with Esopus Indians, 0000, 000; with Esopus Indians, 0000, 000; with Iroquois and Mahicans, 0000, 008; with Tackapausha, 0000, 000 Tuscaroras, an original Iroquois tribe, 00; remove to North Carolina, 00 Unamis, a tribal division of Lenapes, 00, 00, 89; chieftaincies of, 89; totem of, 00; the ruling tribe of the Lenapes, 00 Unalachtos, a tribal division of Lenapes, 00; totem of, 00 Uncas, a Pequot chief, 00 Underhill, Capt. John, enters the Dutch service, 000; commands expedition against Canarsees, 000; commands an expedition against Weckquaesgeeks, 000, 000 Unukat's castle, 80 Van der Donck, description of Indians of New York, 00; sub-tribal classifications of, 00 Van Dyck, Hendrik kills a squaw, 000; shot by the Indians, 000 Van Voorst, Garret Jansen, killed, 000 Van Tienhoven, secretary, mother of, 008 Verazzano, description of Indians of New York, 09 Verdrietig Hook, 90, 90 Vriesendael (see De Vries) Vielle, Arnout, interpreter, 080 Wampum, description of, 00 Wanton Island, traditionary battle on, 00 Wantage, sachem of Merricks, 00 Waoranecks, location of, 90 Wappingers, a tribal division of Mahicans, 00; chieftaincies of, 00; sovereignty of, 00; no jurisdiction west of Hudson, 80; a portion remove to Pennsylvania, 80; attack boats on the Hudson, 000; war party of, visit New Amsterdam, 000; attacked by burgher guard, 000; destroy Hoboken and Pavonia, 000; retain prisoners as hostages, 000, treaty with the, 000; encouraged by English to revolt, 000; take part in war of 0089, 008 Wappinger's creek, aboriginal name of, 80 Warrawakin, sachem of Seatalcats, 00 Warranawonkongs, location of, 00, 90; wars with the Dutch (see Esopus Indians) War song of Lenapes, 00 Wars, Esopus first, 000, 000; Esopus, second, 000; French and Indian, 0080, 000; Iroquois and the French, 000; King Philip's, 00; Mahicans and Manhattan, 000; Mahicans and Mohawks, 08, 008; Minsis and Senecas, 00, 000; Mohawks and French, 000, 000; Montauks and Narragansetts, 00; Raritans and the Dutch, 000; Senecas and Minsis, 00, 000; Senecas and the French, 000, 009; Weckquaesgeeks and the Dutch, 000, 008, 000, 009, 000 Wassenaar and De Laet's account of sub-tribal organizations, 00 Wasenssne, sachem of Tankitekes, 80 Warwarsinks, location of, 90 Wawyachtonocks, location of, 80 Weapons of war, 00 Weckquaesgeeks, location of, 08; a warrior of, killed, 000; attacked by the Dutch, 000; murder Ann Hutchinson, 000; castles of, destroyed, 000; treaty with, 000 Welsh colonization of America, 00, 00 Werekepes, a Haverstraw chief, 90, 90 Weskheun, sachem of Kitchawongs, 09 Weskora, sachem of Weckquaesgeeks, 09 Wessickenaiuw, sachem of Weckquaesgeeks, 09 Westenhucks, location of, 80 Westenhuck, Mahican national council at, 89 Whitneymen, sachem of Matinecocks, 00; negotiates peace, 000 Wiekajocks, location of, 80 Willehoosa, cavern on Shawangunk mountains, 90 Wiltmeet, Indian castle of, 90; destroyed by the Dutch, 000 Wiltwyck, the old village of Esopus, 000; houses burned at, 000; council of war at, 009 Winnequaheagh, sachem of Secatogues, 00 Wyandance, sachem of Montauks, 00; death of, by poison, 00 Wycombone, sachem of Montauks, 00 Wyoming lands, 00 Yonkers, aboriginal name of, 00 Abinaquis, a Mahican nation, make peace with the Mahicans, 000; Iroquois refuse to renew war with, 090 Abraham, or Schabash, a Mahican chief, converted by Moravians, 090; elected chief sachem of Mahicans of the Delaware, 090 Little, sachem of Lower Mohawk castle, 000; brother of King Hendrik, 000; succeeds King Hendrik, 000 Aepjin's island, 000 Ankerop, sachem of Esopus Indians, 000 Albany, council fire removed from, to Mount Johnson, 000; commissioners of congress hold council with Iroquois at, 000; aboriginal name of, 098 Algonquin language, grammar of, 008 Aix la Chapelle, conditions of treaty of, 008 Ampamit, address of, to Gov. Burnet, 090 Assinapink creek, 000 Atkarkarton, Kingston so called, 090 Atyataronghta, Louis, captain of Oneidas, aids the Americans, 080 Aupamut, see Hendrik, Captain Barren Hill, Mahicans in battle of, 080 Bald Eagle, a Lenape chief, death of, 000 Beeren, or Mahican island, 000 Bellomont, Gov., description of an Indian conference, 080 Bennington, battle of, 000 Biographical Sketches, 099; Abraham, Little, sachem of Lower Mohawk castle, 000; Allummapees, chief sachem of Lenapes, 000; Aupaumut, or Captain Hendrik, chief sachem of Mahicans, 000; Benevissica, chief sachem of Shawanoes, 000; Black Kettle, a war-captain of the Five Nations, 000; Corn-planter, a sachem of the Senecas, 000; Cornstalk, a war-captain of Shawanoes, 000; Dean, Rev. James, 000; Garangula, an Onondaga chief, 000; Johnson, Sir John, 000; Johnson, Sir William, 000; Kirkland, Rev. Samuel, 000; Konapot, John, Captain, a Mahican, 000; Logan, a Mingoe chief, 000; Minichque, a Mahican sachem, 080, 009; Montour, Catharine, 000; Nererahhe, chief sachem of Shawanoes, 000; Netawatwees, chief sachem of Lenapes, 000; Nimham, Daniel, chief sachem of Wappingers, 009; Occum, Rev. Samson, a Mahican, 000; Passaconnaway, chief sachem of Pennacooks, 000; Paxinos, chief sachem of Shawanoes, 000; Red Jacket, a Seneca chief, 000; Saunders, Robert, 000; Shabasch, or Abraham, a Mahican chief, 008; Shingas, a Lenape war captain, 009; Skenando, an Oneida chief, 000; Soeingarahta, or King Hendrik of the Mohawks, 000; Soquans, a Mahican sachem, 080, 009; Tadame, chief sachem of Lenapes, 000; Tamany, chief sachem of Lenapes, 000; Tecumseh, a Shawanoe chief, 008; Teedyuscung, chief sachem of Lenapes, 000; Thayendanega, or Joseph Brant, 000; Wasarnapah, or Tyschoop, a Mahican chief, 090, 000; White Eyes, Captain, chief sachem of Lenapes, 000 Block-houses constructed in Minnisink country, 000 Boone, Daniel, 000 Boquet, Col., expedition of, 000, 008 Braddock, General, 000, 000 Bradstreet, Col., expedition of, 008, opinion of, concerning Iroquois, 009 Brainerd, Rev. David, missionary labors, 090, 098 Brant, Molly, 009, 000, 000 Brant, Joseph, 000, 000; sent to England, 000; accepts war belts of the crown, 000; organizes warriors in English service 000; Herkimer holds conference with, 000, 008; descent of, on Wyoming valley, 000; commits depredations in Orange and Ulster, 000; Minnisink, commands massacre at, 008, 009; defeated at Fort Plain, 080; flight of, at Fort Schuyler, 000; efforts of, to arouse western tribes, 090; biographical sketch of, 000 Bull, Captain, son of Teedyuscung, 000 Burgoyne, Gen., expedition of, 000 Butler, John, accompanies Guy Johnson, 000 " Walter N., accompanies Guy Johnson, 000; commands in expedition against Mohawk valley settlements, 080; killed by an Oneida warrior, 080 Cagnawaga, converted by Jesuits, 000; Nation, or Praying Indians, 000; Dutch village at, destroyed by John Johnson, 080 Canestogaes, massacre of, 000 Cayugas, accept the war belts of the English, 000 Chesekock tract, 000 Claus, Daniel, 009; appointed superintendent of Canada, 000 Clinton, Governor, appeal of, to the Iroquois, 000; commands in expedition for relief of Schoharie valley, 080 Clinton, Gen. James, commands in expedition against Iroquois, 009 Colonists, efforts of, to secure neutrality of Indian tribes in Revolution, 000 Communipau, aboriginal name of, 000 Connecticut, agents purchase lands at Wyoming, 000; determine to occupy, 009 Conference at Albany, 0000, 000; at Albany, 0000, 000 Congress, Continental, established three Indian Departments, 000; organizes expedition against the English Indian allies, 009; address of, to Iroquois, 080; treaty of, with Iroquois, 089 Corlear's Hook, aboriginal name of, 000 Cornbury, Gov., attends conference at Albany, 080 Cornstalk, commands Lenapes and Shawanoes, 000; biographical sketch of, 000 Corn-planter, a Seneca chief, leads an attack on Oneidas, 080; driven from power by Red Jacket, 090; noticed, 000 Cortland's Ridge, Mahicans in battle of, 080 Cresap's War, causes of, 000 Croton River, aboriginal name of, 000 Croghan, George, commissioner to treat with Western Indians, 009; assistant to Sir William Johnson, 000, 009; superintendent of Ohio country, 000 Crown Point, expedition for capture of, 000 Custalaga, a Lenape chief, removal of, 008 Dans-Kammer, tradition of the, 080 Dean, Rev. James, labors of, among Oneidas and Tuscaroras, 000; biographical notice of, 000 Dieskau, Baron, commands French expedition for reduction of Oswego, 000; mortally wounded in battle at Ticonderoga, 000 Dunmore, Gov., 000 Emerick, Col., account of battle of Cortland's Ridge, 080, 080 Esopus, inscription on rocks at, 090 Esopus Indians, a portion of, remove to Oghawaga, 000, 000; conference with domestic clans, 000; friendly, invited to remove from back settlements, 000; friendly, massacred near Walden, 000; friendly, remove to Ticonderoga, 000; condition of, 0008, 000 Fantinekil, attack on, 000 Five Nations, see Iroquois Fort, Necessity, Washington erects, 000; Niagara, erected by the French, 080; headquarters of Indians and Tories in war of Revolution, 080; Plain, battle of, 080; Schuyler, seige of, 000 Franklin, Benjamin, commands expedition to build Fort at Gnadenhutten, 008 French, preparation for war, 089; Iroquois and Mahican converts aid, 080; tribes in alliance with, 090; interpretation of treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, 008; erect monuments in Ohio valley, 008; Washington defeats near Great Meadows, 000; compel Washington to evacuate Fort Necessity, 000; liberality of, to Indian allies, 000; surrender possession of Canada, 000; changes in relation with Indian tribes caused by withdrawal of the, 009; residents of the Ohio valley encourage hostilities against the English, 000; Mohawks agreenent of, with Iroquois, 000 Galissoniere, commissioned to occupy Ohio valley, 008 Garangula, a chief of Onondagas, 000 German Flats, commissioners of congress held conference with Iroquois at, 000 Gist, Christopher, commissioned to treat with Western tribes, 009 Geographical nomenclature, 000 Accopoque, village of, Long Island, 000 Alipconck, Tarrytown, 000 Appamaghpogh, near Verplanck's Point, 000 Aquehung, or Byram river, 000 Apawquammis, Rye Neck, 000 Armonck, Byram river, 000 Apoquague, Silver Lake, Dutchess county, 000 Assinnapink creek, Orange county, 000 Arackhook, Tinn Brock, Orange county, 080 Alaskayering mountains, Orange county, 090 Ackkinkashacky, Hackensack, 090 Amboy, New Jersey, 000 Arissheck, Paulus Hook, 000 Atkarkarton, Kingston, 090 Achquetuck, Coeyman's Hollow, 090 Achsisink, Shawangunk kill, 089 Aioskawosting, Shawangunk, Ulster county, 089 Chesekook, Rockland county, 000 Cowonham's hill, Plum point, 000 Cachtanaquick island, 000 Caniskeck, Coeymans, 090 Coxackie, Greene county, 090 Canastagione, Niskayunah, 098 Cohoes Falls, 099 Dionondahowa, falls on Batten kil, 000 Equorsink, Crum Elbow, 000 Gamoenapa, Communipau, 000 Huppoques, Smithtown, Long Island, 000 Hobokenhacking, Hoboken, 000 Haquequenunck, Patterson, 000 Hannakrois creek, 090 Hoosack, Rensselaer county, 000 Ishpatinck, Brooklyn Heights, 000 Jogee Hill, Orange county, 080 Kapsee, Copsie Point, New York, 000 Kitchawonck, Croton river, 000 Kittatenny, Anthony's nose, 000 Kookpake Lake, Columbia county, 000 Keeseywego, creek opposite Albany, 000 Kockhachchingh, Nutten Hook, Katskill, 090 End of chapter