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Town of Wawarsing -- Wawarsing Township, the third largest political unit in the county, is located in the extreme southwest section, with the Shawangunk range on its eastern and the foothills of the Catskills on its western border. The area is gorgeous and visited by many tourists year round, as it is easy to find cheap flights to. The central portion lies in the Rondout Valley, with its winding streams, fertile farms and beautiful homes. This was formerly a part of Rochester Township. The first house was probably that built in February, 1685, by Warner Hoornbeek for Jacob Rutsen, one of the first proprietors of lands there. The Hornbeeks have been in town ever since. In 1702 the first gristmill was built by Cornelis Vernooy.
The town was a dangerous frontier during the French and Indian War, and suffered severely from raids by Tories and Indians during the Revolution.

A lead mine near Napanoch had been developed by Anthony Rutgers & Company before 1730, when the opening of a road to it was requested (Road Supervisors' Records, Historical Records Survey). The Ellenville lead mine was used during the Revolution for material for bullets for the American Army. It is within the present limits of Ellenville.
A mastodon was discovered in what is now known as McElhone's Pond, near Church Street in Ellenville, and its head is on exhibition in the State Education Building in Albany.
Yama Farms Inn, near Napanoch, was until its recent closing a delightful private hotel, where entertainment was strictly an invitation affair. Many celebrated persons were visitors there. The host and hostess were Mr. and Mrs. Frank Seaman.
The Ellenville Post Office was built in 1938 at a cost of $110,000 contributed by Congress. The first plan called for an ordinary building of red brick. Some of the citizens, including the new postmaster, Tuthill R. McDowell, felt that the only type of architecture which suited the community was a stone building in the Dutch style, which was native to Ulster County. A personal appeal to President Roosevelt resulted in a new plan, drawn by R. Stanley Brown, and a post office of the native bluestone was built and opened December 1, 1940, a splendid reproduction of the Ulster County Dutch type of architecture. Louis A. Simon was the supervising architect. A mural by Louis Bouche illustrates the story of the naming of Ellenville in 1823 after Ellen Snyder.

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